WaveBurner Tutorial

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What Is WaveBurner?

WaveBurner is an application for Mac OS X that enables the user to to assemble, master, and burn professional-quality audio CDs using either a CD burner or a SuperDrive You can also create pre-masters for mass CD production.

WaveBurner supports all Red Book options for CD audio data storage. You can add up to the maximum 99 tracks and 99 subindexes per track allowable by the Red Book standard. This includes applying an International Standard Recording Code for each track, setting up copy prevention, and adding UPC/EAN codes (bar-codes) for the CD. WaveBurner also lets you add text information readable on any CD TEXT- compatible CD player.

With this program, you can create a CD and edit its tracks in a multitude of different ways by

adding audio files to a WaveBurner project

edit and arrange them graphically numerically

add effects to individual regions and the overall project

use the included plug-ins or use Audio Unit plug-ins you that you can install

edit pauses between tracks

add fade-ins, fade-outs, and crossfades

burn the project to a CD.

Creating a CD

Step 1: Add audio files To do this you must create a new project by either opening the program or while the program is open, going to File-New Window (Command-N). When you add an audio file it is imported as a region. A seperate track is created for each new region.

Step 2: Edit regions and tracks You can edit these imported regions and tracks in several ways. Here are a few examples that will be discussed later in the tutorial. (quick keys for these commands can be found at the end of the tutorial)

working graphically in the Wave View area

working numerically in the Region and Track lists

copy

reorder

trim

split

adjust gain

normalize regions

combine several regions into one track

create several tracks with one region

Step 3: Adjust crossfades

When you add a region, WaveBurner makes tracks and markers to define pauses inbetween tracks. You can create/ajust crossfades between regions in the Wave View area. You can also insert index markers to create index points within a track.

Step 4: Add effects

You can add effects to individual regions of the traks and/or to the entire project. This is used to enhance and shape the sound. A set of professional-quality mastering effects is included with this program

The mastering effects that come with WaveBurner are as follows

equalization (EQ)

compression

limiting

noise reduction

several analysis tools

You can also edit plug-in parameters and save the settings. Another useful feature is the fact that you can also use Audio effect plug-ins from different manufacturers

Step 5: Burn the project to a CD

The way you burn your projects to a CD is by using the CD burning hardware that is installed on your Mac.

IMPORTANT-Prior to burning the project to a CD make use of the Burn Test mode to determine the maximum speed that your system can reliably write data to a blank CD-R.

Quick Start

You can quickly burn a CD, using existing audio files and default settings for pauses and crossfades.

To quickly burn a CD:

1. Open WaveBurner.

2. Create a New File (File-New Project) (command-N)

3. Drag the desired audio files to the Region list in the order that you want them to appear on the CD.

4. Click the Burn button. (The button is at to top of the screen as the bio-hazard symbol)

The Burn dialog appears at the top of the window. The name of the CD burner is shown in the Burn dialog. Make shure there is a blank CD in the burne's tray. If there is no blank disc in the tray, the Burn dialog tells you to insert a blank disc.

5. Click the Burn button in the Burn dialog.

WaveBurner will immediately begin burning your project to the blank CD. When the burn is complete, the CD tray is ejected and the CD is ready to play.

The WaveBurner Interface

You create your projects in the main WaveBurner window. You can add and organize the regions in your project, graphically edit regions, pauses, and crossfades, play the project to preview your changes, and add effects plug-ins in the WaveBurner window. The WaveBurner interface features the following main areas:


Example.jpg


•Customizable Toolbar with Counter (if visible): You can customize your Toolbar by adding a the commands you use the most. See Customizing the WaveBurner Window to see how to edit this toolbar. The default buttons appearing on the Macs in the CAML lab are as follows (as appearing from lef to right)

Import

Check disk for Clipping

Normalize Region

Burn

The Counter-this shows the same info as the Time, Track, and index feild.

Bounce project

Mastering Notes

CD Text

Region Info

Overview Area

Displays a timeline of the project graphically. The red rectangle in this overveiw is the region of track that is visible in the wave veiw area. You can move this rectangle by clicking on it and dragging it to the region of track that you vish to veiw making editing fast and easy.

Wave View area

Displays the regions/tracks in time order. You can graphically edit regions, track markers, pauses, and crossfades in this area. regions displayed in this area alternate from the top to bottom row. The row your track is in really doesn't matter. This just simplifies the editing of regions that overlap.

There are several features in this region of the display

Volume Level Line: The Volume of each track can be adjusted by clicking on the track waveform and dragging the line either up or down.

Time Rulers: These areas, both above and below the waveforms allow you to insert Index points and Tracks (index points in gold and tracks in purple). To insert one of these, go down to the marker buttons (located at the bottom left of the wave veiw area and choose either the Index pt button(gold) or the track maker button(purple). Then go to the top of the Wave veiw area(just above the time marker bar) and click where you want the marker to be. To edit the name of said marker, just double-click the marker you just placed and this will bring up a dialog box containing different things for both types of markers.

The Track Marker Dialog box contains the Track number, the track title, the pause leangth, the start time, the track leanth, and the PQ codes. All of wich can be edited except for the track number and leanth.

Note: you can also change the pause leangth by clicking on either side of the track marker and dragging it horizontally.

Playback Position Line This vertical scrolling line, located on the waveforms shows the current position in time and the playback start position.

Note: you can repeat a certain portion of the track you are listening to by clicking on the green arrow at the top of this line and dragging the blue arrows that appear vertically.

Transport Controls: These control playback, stop, fast-forward, rewind,and the location of the playback position line.

Edit Mode Buttons: These buttons (located at the very left bottom corner of the Wave Veiw area, appearing as an arrow and a pair of scissors) control the edit mode you are in.

-The arrow button allows you to move sections of track forward and backward in time by dragging then horizontally, change fade ins/outs by dragging the bullet points at the beginning and ends of each track, and change the volume by dragging the volume line vertically.

-The scissors button allows you to chop up tracks by simply clicking on the point in the waveform where you want to split it.

Note: By holding down the mouse button, you can drag the line that you wish to cut on horizontally.

Time, Track, and Index field:These three boxes to the lower right of the Wave Veiw Area display the current track number, index number, and the positions of the position line (The scrolling bar that moves with time in the Wave Veiw Area.

Zoom Controls: This set of buttons (located directly above the Edit Mode Buttons) zooms in/out on the waveforms in the wave veiw area. The vertical zoom is to the left, while the horizontal zoom is to the right.

Scroll Bar: This bar allows you to change the area visible in the Veiwing area. By holding down the middle of the bar, you change the area veiwed. By holding down either end, you change the horizontal zoom. Effectively doin the same thing as the rightmost zoom controller.

Region list

This is where you organize the project's regions. The Region list lists the regions/tracks in the Wave Veiw Area in chronological order. If you click on a region in the list, the wave veiw area will automatically jump to that position. You can also reorganize these tracks by dragging them up and down the list.

The information that is diplayed here is the track/region number, start time, title, leanth, and comment.

The arrows to the side of the track numbers drop down the regions listed in that track and the arrow in the upper right hand corner lets you select the time format and wether or not the region times start from the beginning of each track or from the beginning of the CD.

The columns displaying the information can be resized by dragging them closer or further apart.

Track list

This list shows all of the tracks in the order of appearence, and displays all the track information.

The information displayed in this window is as follows

Track Number

Start Time

Title

Leangth

Copy Protection state (SC)

Pre-Emphasis state (PE)

ISRC (International Standard Recording Code)

Pause Start Time

Comments


Note: The buttons found in the Track List Window have the same function as in the region list window. So if you have questions on this region, see the Region List window button discriptions.


Region and Mix Plug-In lists

You add effects plug-ins and adjust plug-in parameters in these lists for the region that you have selected.

To add effects to your selected region, simply click on the plug it pull-down menu. There are a variety of different plug-ins availible, both from waveburner and other audio units installed on your computer.

You can also select Plug-in chains to give you a recommended list of plug-ins to use.

To change the settings on these plug-ins, use the drop-down box in the Setting column and select your desired setting. To further alter these settings, double click on the name of the plug-in. Then you can edit the plug-in manually.

Region Info Window

The Region Info window displays information about the track you have selected. This information can be edited from this window.

To show the Region Info window, do one of the following:

Select a region, then choose Region > Region Info. (command-R) Double-click on the desired region.

What can I do in this window?

The General tab:

Region name-click, and type in a new name to edit.

Length: The leanth of the selcted region

Gap To Previous Region—This is the gap time length between the selected region and the preceeding region. If the number is negaive, this means that this track starts before the previos track ends.

Trim: These values show the start and end points of the region. If the selected region is an entire track long, then the trim times should be zero.

Gain: Controls the gain of the right and left audio outputs. you can change these settings by clicking on the arrows nex to the boxes or manually entering in your desired value.

Region Peak: Level indicates the highest value audio peak in the region while position indicates is position from the start of the region.

Note- Volume changes are not taken into account.

The Audio File Tab: Gives you the file information, including...

bit depth and ordering

sample rate

file type

File Length

File Format

File Size

Creation and Modification Dates

Peak Position and Level

Location of the audio file on disk

The Fades Tab: Displays the fade-in/outs of your region

Fade-in and fade-out types- these includ No Fade, Free, S-Curve and Concave/Convex curves.

Set Linear button- Resets the fade curves to straight lines.

Fade Length

Fade Shape- (allows values between +99 and –99).

Curve points- x/y coordinates.

Track Info Window

To get to the Track Info window either select the track in the Track list and choose Disc > Track Info.

Click the track start marker for the track and choose Disc > Track Info.

Double-click the track start marker for the track.

The General Tab:

Track Number

Title

Start Time-(start time of the track as it would appear on the CD).

Pause Length-(the pause before the track starts).

ISRC Code

SCMS

Pre-emphasis

The CD TEXT Tab:

Track number

Title

Performer

Songwriter

Composer

Arranger

Message


Notes:

CD TEXT can only be written to your disk if your CD burner supports CD TEXT and the Write CD TEXT Data option is checked in WaveBurner-Preferences-Burn.

Notes and track info will not appear on the CD.

The Previous and Next buttons allow you to step between the tracks.

Index Pt. Info Window

displays info about the selected index point

To bring up this window Double-click the desired index marker.

The General Tab:

Index Point Name

Track Number

Index Point Number

Position (of the Index point) relative to the Track and Disc

The Comments Tab:

Allows you to enter notes for the selected Index Point.

Level Meter

To show the level meter click Window-Open Level meter (command-L)

The level meter shows the volume of your project (on a logarithmic scale) in real-time as your tracks are playing.

Customizing your Window

You can add/remove buttons to your top bar by Command-clicking/or right-click the top part of the WaveBurner window, then click Customize Toolbar from the pop-up menu. From there you can simple drag and drop desired buttons to/from your toolbar. Click Done when finished.

Getting Starting With Waveburner

A WaveBurner project is made up of audio regions and tracks. A project can also include CD TEXT, disc and mastering information.

Projects do not include the original audio files—only references to file location(s) on your computer’s hard disk. This keeps the file size small. Original audio files are not changed when performing edits in WaveBurner.

Note: If you bounce an audio file in your WaveBurner project, it will be added to your project, which may significantly increase the project file size.

Elements of a Project

Audio files: Audio files are the source material for the regions in your projects.

Regions: The region can include the entire source audio file or any continuous section of the audio file. When you edit a region in the Wave View area or the Region list, the edits only affect the region, not the source audio file.

Tracks: Tracks are the individual selections on a CD, which a listener chooses with the track number or forward and back buttons on a CD player. Tracks can include multiple regions, and one region can span multiple tracks. Creating, Opening, and Saving Projects The first step in creating a CD in WaveBurner is to create a new project. To create a new project: Choose File > New (or press Command-N).

Creating, Opening, and Saving Projects:

To create a new project, simply click file-New Project (command-N) To open an existing project, click To save a project, click File-Save (command-S)

Supported File Formats, stero settings, and bit depths

WaveBurner supports the following audio file formats:

• AIFF

• WAV

• SDII

• AAC

• MP3

Audio files can be mono, split stereo or interleaved stereo

Supports any combination of the folling sample rates and bit depths:

• All sample rates up to 96 kHz.

• 8, 16, and 24 bit depths.

Adding Audio Files

To add an audio file to your project either open Finder and drag and drop the file into the Region list, Click File-Import Audio File (or press Command-I), or click the Import button in the upper left corner of the Region list (not the imporrt button in the very top left of the main window)then choose the audio file from the file selector.

Name Handling in WaveBurner

4 types of file names:

file name

region name

track name

CD Text track title

Controlling Playback

Playback control is straight forward. In the middle of the dialog there is a Play/Pause button. The spacebar also performs this functionality as in Logic or ProTools. The playback marker is seen on the timeline. While playback is occurring, you can click the time line anywhere to jump to that time.